Lhaviyani just 37 km wide and 35 km long is a small atoll with 60 islands, five of which are inhabited. However, several of the uninhabited islands are used for different economic activities.
Fishing is the main occupation of the natives of Lhaviyani atoll. The only fish canning factory in Maldives - the Felivaru Tuna Canning Factory is located in this atoll. With an annual production of around 90000 tonnes of canned tuna, this factory is a source of employment for more than 2000 natives. To encourage an environment friendly fishing industry, the pole and line method of fishing is used.
Naifaru, the capital island of Lhaviyani atoll, has a population of around 4500. Its major facilities include a secondary level school, a hospital with proper medical facilities and good harbor facilities. Naifaru is one of the major stopover points for sea vessels traveling from the northern atolls to Male and vice versa. To cater to the needs of a growing population, a land reclamation project is under way.
The Hinnavaru Island is located 8 kms to the north of Naifaru. Hinnavaru island has a population as dense as Naifaru.